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The first coffeehouses, originally called qahveh, appeared in the Islamic world. They appeared in the Arabian Peninsula, in the 15th century, then spread to the Ottoman Empire's capital of Istanbul in the 16th century. Coffeehouses became popular meeting places where people gathered to drink coffee, have conversations, play board games such as chess and backgammon, listen to stories and music, and discuss news and politics. They became known as "schools of wisdom" for the type of clientele they attracted, and the free and frank discourse they encouraged.
The döner kebab originates from Turkey (Anatolia) and translated means "to turn or rotate”. The concept of shawarma was invented later in the 19th century and quickly gained popularity as it was adopted by various societies. Shawarma (which also means "to turn or rotate”) is essentially the same principle as the döner kebab but with a different recipe, and is found all over the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Europe. Interestingly, other countries that also have a shawarma-like product e.g. the Greek (“gyros”), and the Armenian (“tarna”) all have the same meaning. Döner kebab is traditionally made with perfectly marinated lamb and is served wrapped in a warm pita / flat bread.
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